Water Supply Quiz

1.  ______ pressure is pressure in the water distribution system when no hydrants or water is flowing.

2.  Atmospheric Pressure is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere, which for Earth is ____ pounds per square inch at sea level.

3.  Which of the following is not a step that may be used in testing the operability of a fire hydrant?

4.  Rural water supply operations require careful coordination and control.

5.  The pumping of water from a static source by taking advantage of atmospheric pressure to force water from the source into the pump is called _____.

6.  _____ pressure is the pressure in a system after water has begun flowing.

7.  _____ hydrants are used in areas where freezing temperatures could damage the hydrant.

8.  "Water ______" is a term used to describe a sudden surge of pressure created by the quick opening or closing of valves in a water system.  The surge is capable of damaging piping and valves.

9.  Which of the following is not one of the 3 systems in which water is supplied in a water distribution system?

10.  The following are all types of ____?  Wet-barrel, dry-barrel, high-pressure, wall

11.  A ______ is a an underground water container made of rock or concrete.   It can store as much as 30,000 gallons of water.

12.  As related to firefighting, "pressure" is .....?

13.  _____ is the amount that a water distribution system has available or is capable of flowing.

14.  Most of the Earths fresh water supply comes from _____ .

15.  _____ effect water levels due to gravitational effects between the earth and moon.

16.  The _____ compares the amount of heat generated by a fire, to the amount of water required for cooling fuels to below their ignition temperature.

17.  The Pitot gauge measures....?

18.  An aquifer is ..... ?

A Bourdon Gauge is found on most fire apparatus and works by pressure in a curved tube moving an indicator needle.

20.  ______ is/are probably the most significant of the man-made and natural factors affecting water sources.